The Ford V-8 Engine Workshop|
|Not to suggest that famous engines like the 427 SOHC or 1964 Indy DOHC aren't exotic. But the engines described here are really just engineering exercises that never made it out of Ford's toolroom.|
Start with your basic 289... The front cover is modified, leaving space
behind the water pump for a Gilmer belt drive to run the camshafts.
Three idler pulleys guide the 1" wide belt. Drive is take off the rear
of the water pump. The valve covers are replaced by husky aluminum castings
that house the camshafts. Rocker arms are replaced by cast iron followers.
It produced in the neighborhood of 300 horsepower at around 6500 RPM.
At one point, somebody at Ford thought it would be a good idea to provide this as a kit. But since the higher revving nature of this engine pretty much required the 289 HiPo bottom end, better breathing heads and intake manifold to take advantage of the higher RPM potential, and more than likely new pistons as well, they came to their senses and shelved the entire project.
This engine was intended to run at LeMans, but rule changes outlawed it before
it was ever fired. Displacing 427 cubic inches, it was out of place in a class
limited to 183 CID. Two engines were produced. One even made it into a test car.
Even though mainly of aluminum construction, this monster weighed 577 lbs.
But it was no boat anchor. The Calliope produced 630 (supposedly reliable) horsepower at 6400 RPM.
|While displacing 427 cubic inches, the Calliope was no FE family engine. It used an aluminum block engine with cast iron cylinder liners. Bore was 4.34", stroke was 3.60". The unique feature of this engine are its twin camshafts, one for the intake valves and one for the exhaust. Both are in the block in an over-under arrangement. The intake camshaft lies 6" above the crankshaft centerline. Pushrods from the intake cam run parallel to the cylinder bores. The exhaust camshaft is found 4.5" above the intake cam. Its pushrods lie in a horizontal plane. The camshafts are driven by chains as are the pressure and scavenge pumps for the dry-sump oiling system.|
|The aluminum cylinder heads feature 3 valves per cylinder, two intakes and a single exhaust, in a pent-roof combustion chamber. The heads are sealed with copper O-rings. No intake manifold is used. Hilborn style injection stacks are cast integrally with the cylinder head. No coolant passes between the block and heads. External water lines are used instead. To shorten the engine to assist in fitting it to the racecar chassis, the standard front mounted water pump is replaced by two pumps on the cylinder banks, similar to the scheme used on the Flathead V-8.|